Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2018, Page: 99-103
A Comparative Study of Socio Demographic and Clinical Profiles in Patient with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Depression
Jaisingh Raman, Department of Psychiatry, SRM Medical College & Research Centre, Tamilnadu, India
Sivabalan Elangovan, Department of Psychiatry, SRM Medical College & Research Centre, Tamilnadu, India
Thirunavukarasu Manickam, Department of Psychiatry, SRM Medical College & Research Centre, Tamilnadu, India
Received: Sep. 8, 2018;       Accepted: Oct. 4, 2018;       Published: Oct. 23, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20180604.12      View  171      Downloads  10
Abstract
Introdution: Most often patients suffering from OCD also have depressive symptoms, which might be secondary to the OCD and its burden to the quality of life, or it might be independent to OCD. The same way Depression also has some obsessive manifestation. The presence of depressive symptoms is the important factors, which make patient with OCD as suicidal. Suicidal tendencies in OCD always correlated with severity of depressive symptoms. But in clinical settings, we most often missed to evaluate suicidal tendencies and other comorbidities of OCD. So this study mainly focuses on various socio demographic differences and clinical profiles of patient with OCD and depression. Materials and Methods: This is a case control study, 30 consecutive patients with OCD as well as 30 consecutive patients with depression, attending psychiatry department of Stanley Medical College Hospital included in this study as cases and controls. Then both cases and controls analyzed for socio demographic profile and clinical profile. RESULTS: Compared with patients with major depression, OCD patients are young (p=0.017), predominantly males (p=0.019), more educated (p=0.003) and more often associated with suicidal ideation (p=0.024) Conclusion: Obsessive-compulsive disorder most often has depressive manifestations. The comorbid depressive symptoms make patients with OCD with suicidal ideations. It is essential to look for depressive symptoms in OCD in order to prevent suicidal attempts.
Keywords
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, MDD, Suicidal Ideations, Clinical Profile, Comorbidities
To cite this article
Jaisingh Raman, Sivabalan Elangovan, Thirunavukarasu Manickam, A Comparative Study of Socio Demographic and Clinical Profiles in Patient with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Depression, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2018, pp. 99-103. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20180604.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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