Volume 7, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 88-99
Novel Insights into the Psychopathology of War
James Paul Pandarakalam, Department of Psychiatry, Northwest Boroughs Healthcare National Health Services Foundation Trust, Hollins Park Hospital & Alternative Futures Group Rehab Hospitals, Warrington, UK
Received: Oct. 9, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 6, 2019;       Published: Nov. 12, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20190704.13      View  29      Downloads  14
Abstract
Background: To grasp the terrible nature and enormity of nuclear weapons is a painful exercise of the imagination. Recent political developments between different nuclear countries are quite alarming. A nuclear war would be an absolute disrespect and cruelty toward humanity and nature. Religion is simply made a scapegoat in times of wars. The psychopathology of war is “the elephant in the room.” Aim: To evaluate the different psychological, psychopathological views and para-psychodynamics of global conflicts as well as some of the future directions in peace research. Method: A selective survey of the literature, including previous reviews, to collect different understandings to help inspire and form a framework for future peace research. Results: The medical profession has a major burden in the form of physical and emotional rehabilitation after war; therefore, prevention is better than cure and rehabilitation. Psychological, political, religious, and economic factors may be at the root of war. Even though the psychopathology of war is being studied, the para-psychodynamics of global conflicts are poorly understood. Peace research without identifying the causative factors would be like treating an infection without recognizing the infecting agent. Marian apparitions offer some insight into this important aspect of peace research. In each credible, worldwide religion, there is a strong longing for peace and harmony, and mental health workers should get enlightenment from the wisdom of world religions. Both religious leaders and mental health professionals must take the helm in peace-making. The new insights gained through research into the psychopathology of global conflicts can inspire the international mental health professionals to support the existing peace campaigns to create a world without war, crimes and poverty.
Keywords
Psychopathology, Para-psychodynamics, War, Violent Behavior, Peace
To cite this article
James Paul Pandarakalam, Novel Insights into the Psychopathology of War, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2019, pp. 88-99. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20190704.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Frank. J. K. Nuclear Death: An Unprecedented Challenge to Psychiatry and Religion. The American Journal of Psychiatry 1984; 141. 1343-1347.
[2]
Knightley P. The First Casualty: From Crimea to Vietnam: The War Correspondent as Hero, Propagandist, and Myth Maker. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1975.
[3]
Lee KA, Vaillant GE, Torrey WC, Elder GH, A 50-year prospective study of the psychological sequelae of World War II combat. Am J Psychiatry 1995; 152 (4): 516-522.
[4]
Taylor F. Steve. The Fall: The Insanity of the Ego in Human History and Back to Sanity. London: O Books, 2005. www.stevenmtaylor.com
[5]
Murray. C. J Lopez AD. Mortality by Course for eight regions of the World: Globle burden of disease study. Lancet 1997; 349: 1269: 76.
[6]
Abrams HL. The problem of accidental or inadvertent nuclear war. Prev.me 1987; 16. 3: 19-33.
[7]
Gringer. A, Smoker. P: It Couldn’t Happen - could it? An assessment of the probability of accidental nuclear war. Richason Institute for conflict and peace research, department of politics; University of Lancaster, UK, 1986.
[8]
Tucker Antony, Gleisner John. Crucible of Despair: the effects of nuclear war. The Menrad Press: London, 1982.
[9]
Ellul, Jacques: Propaganda. The Formation of Men’s Attitudes, p. xiii. Trans. Konrad Kellen & Jean Lerner. Vintage Books, New York, 1973.
[10]
Stout, Chris E. (2002). The Psychology of Terrorism: Clinical aspects and responses - Google Books. ISBN 9780275978662. 2002, Retrieved 2014-08-10.
[11]
Knightly Philip. The First Casualty. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.
[12]
Fry, D. P., & Söderberg, P. Lethal Aggression in Mobile Forager Bands and Implications for the Origins of War. Science 2013; 341: 270-273.
[13]
Nicolai Fredrich Georg. The Biology of War. Forgotten Books. New York: The Century Co., 1919.
[14]
Rona M. Fields the Psychology, Theology and Politics of self-sacrifice. Praeger Publications. New York. 2004.
[15]
Rehman-ur-Shamim, Mudur Ganapati. Doctors in India and Pakistan campaign against nuclear war, British Medical Journal 2002; vol 324, p 1412.
[16]
Bhutta Ahemed Zulfiqar, Nundy Samiran. Thinking the unthinkable, British Medical Journal 2002; vol 1324, p 1405.
[17]
Nicholis B. No one wins nuclear war USA Today. 2002 June 4. www.usatoday.com/news/world/2002/06/04nuclear-war-usat.htm (accessed 11th).
[18]
Taylor Steve. Back to sanity: Healing the Madness of our Minds. London: Hay House, 2012.
[19]
Galtung Johan. A Structural Theory of Imperialism. Journal of Peace Research 1971; 8 (2): 81-117.
[20]
Carlo Lazzari, Abdul Nusair, Marco Rabottini. Psychiatry of Radicalization and Terrorism in the Lone Wolf, Children, and Women: An E-ethnographic Approach for Analysis. American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2019, pp. 57-68. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20190703.12.
[21]
Klimo Jon, Heath Rae Pamela: Suicide. what really Happens in the afterlife? California: North Atlantic Books, 2006.
[22]
McAll Kenneth. Healing the Family Tree Ministry. SPCK book, 2013.
[23]
Sanderson Alan. Spirit releasement therapy. www.rcpsych.ac.uk/college/sig/spirit/publications/index.htm 1998.
[24]
Sanderson Alan. Spirit release therapy: what is it and what can it achieve? A clinical presentation of therapist and patient perspectives. www.rcpsych.ac.uk/college/sig/spirit/publications/index.htm 2003a.
[25]
Sanderson Alan. The case for spirit release. www.rcpsych.ac.uk/college/sig/spirit/publications/index.htm 2003b.
[26]
Sanderson Alan. The third transformation. www.rcpsych.ac.uk/college/sig/spirit/publications/index.htm 20012a.
[27]
Sanderson Alan. The treatment of patients with delusional states. www.rcpsych.ac.uk/college/sig/spirit/publications/index.htm 2012b.
[28]
Sanderson Alan. The significance of hallucinations in dissociative identity disorder. www.rcpsych.ac.uk/college/sig/spirit/publications/index.htm 2016.
[29]
Baldwin W. J. Spirit Releasement Therapy, A Technique Manual. (2nd Ed.), Falls Church, VA; Human Potential Foundation Press, 1992.
[30]
Fiore E. The Unquiet Dead. Ballantine books ISBN 0-345-35083-92. 1987.
[31]
Karickal Kurian. Satan, Crafty and Creepy. Athirampuzha: Charis Bhavan, 2019.
[32]
Cavar Stipe. The first Months of the Apparitions in Medjugorje. Medjugorje: Ziral, 2000.
[33]
Laurentin Rene and Joyeux Prof. Henrv. Scientific and Medical Studies on the Apparitions at Medjugorje, Dublin, Mount Salus Press, 1987.
[34]
Laurentin Rene, Rupcic LJ. Is the Virgin Mary Appearing in Medjugorje? Washington: The Word Among Us Press, 1984.
[35]
Laurentin Rene. Report on Apparitions. Milford, Ohio: The Riehle Foundation, 1989.
[36]
Laurentin Rene. Medjugorje Testament. Toronto: Ave Maria Press, 1998.
[37]
Pandarakalam James Paul. Are the Apparitions of Medjugorje Real? Journal of Scientific Exploration 2001; 15 (2): 229-239.
[38]
Pandarakalam James Paul. Certain Parapsychological Aspects of the Visionary Experiences of Medjugorje. Paranormal Review 2006; 38: 14-21.
[39]
Soldo Mirjana Dragicevic, Bloomfield Sean, Musa Miljenko. My Heart Will Triumph. Cocoa: Catholic Publishing, 2016.
[40]
Gleisner John. The Nuclear Dilemma. London: Random house, 1970.
[41]
Yusuf Salim, Soni Anand, Graeme MacQueen. Can Medicine Prevent War? British Medical Journal 1998; 317: 1669-70.
[42]
Dyer Jim. Co-operation not confrontation: The imperative of nuclear age. British Medical Journal 1985; 291. 191-193.
[43]
Dyer Jim. The Psychopathology of Nuclear War. Bulletin of the Royal College of psychiatrists 1986; 10. 2-5.
[44]
Pandarakalam. J. P. World Peace and Psychiatrists, Kerala Medical Journal 1984; 25.85-86.
[45]
Pandarakalam. J. P. Psychopathology of war, Indian Express 1974; December 10th Bombay.
[46]
Thompson JA. Psychological Aspects of Nuclear War. Chichester, John Wiley, and the British Psychological Society, 1985.
[47]
Peters MA. A health to peace handbook. Hamilton, Ontario. Mc Master university, 1996.
[48]
Hachiya M. Hiroshima Dairy. Tokyo. Asahina shimbansha 1955.
[49]
Kondor, SVD. Fatima In Lucia’ Own Words, The Postulation Centre, Fatima, Portugal, 1972.
[50]
Laurentin R and Cortville, M. Découverte du secret de La Salette. Au-delà des polémiques, la vérité sur l'apparition et ses voyants, Fayard, Paris, 2002.
[51]
Lundahl R Craig. A Comparison of Other World Perceptions by Near Death Experiencers and by the Marian Visionaries of Medjugorje. Journal of Near-Death Studies 2000; Volume 19, Number 1, 45-52.
[52]
Eltz Nicholas. Get Us Out of Here! Grafotisak, Grude, 2002.
[53]
Pandarakalam J. P. Psycho-spiritual Perspectives on Global Conflicts. Journal of Spirituality and Consciousness Studies. 2014; 37 (2): 105-113.
[54]
Pandarakalam J. P. Qual Brezza Celestiale Udine: Edizoni Segmo, 2000.
[55]
Huxley Aldous. Science, Liberty and Peace. New York: Harper & Brothers 1946.
[56]
Radhakrishnan S. Recovery of Faith. New Delhi: Shiksha Bharati Press, 1967.
[57]
Sims A. C. P. Psychiatrists as Priests. Journal of the Royal Society of Health 1988, Volume 108 (5): 160-163.
Browse journals by subject